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How Much Do You Know About The History Of Volleyball?
Did you know that in 1995 the sport of volleyball celebrated its 100th birthday?
Pretty cool eh?
The sport was invented in 1895 by William Morgan, an instructor with the YMCA in Holyoke, Massachusetts.
William Morgan decided to blend elements of basketball, baseball, tennis, and handball to create a game for his classes of businessmen which would demand less physical contact than basketball. He created the game of Mintonette(This is what the game was called at the time). Morgan borrowed the net from tennis, and raised it 6 feet 6 inches above the floor, just above the average man's head. During a demonstration game, someone remarked to Morgan that the players seemed to be volleying the ball back and forth over the net, and perhaps "volleyball" would be a more descriptive name for the sport.
On July 7th 1896, at Springfield College the first game of "volleyball" was played.
There is a good book, Volleyball Centennial: The First 100 Years (Spalding Sports Library), available on the history of the sport.
The first net, borrowed from tennis, was only 6í6″ high (though you need to remember that the average American was shorter in the 19th century).
The offensive style of setting and spiking was first demonstrated in the Philippines in 1916. Over the years that followed, it became clear that standard rules were needed for tournament play, and thus the USVBA was formed in 1928.
Two years later, the first 2-man beach game was played, though the professional side of the sport did not emerge until much later. Not surprisingly, the first beach association appeared in California (1965), and the professional players united under the auspices of the AVP in 1983.
During the 1984 Los Angeles Olympics, American men and women took gold and silver medals in indoor competition. Four years later at the Olympics in Korea, the men once again scored gold. Starting in 1996, 2-man beach was officially introduced to the Olympics. Today, there are more than 800 million volleyball worldwide, 46 million of them in the U.S.
A TIMELINE OF SIGNIFICANT EVENTS
In 1900, a special ball was designed for the sport.
In 1916, in the Philippines, an offensive style of passing the ball in a high trajectory to be struck by another player (the set and spike) were introduced.
In 1917, the game was changed from 21 to 15 points.
In 1920, three hits per side and back row attack rules were instituted.
In 1922, the first YMCA national championships were held in Brooklyn, NY. 27 teams from 11 states were represented.
In 1928, it became clear that tournaments and rules were needed, the United States Volleyball Association (USVBA) was formed. The first U.S. Open was staged, as the field was open to non-YMCA squads.
In 1930, the first two-man beach game was played.
In 1934, the approval and recognition of national referees.
In 1937, at the AAU convention in Boston, action was taken to recognize the U.S.V.B.A as the official national governing body in the U.S.
In 1947, the Federation Internationale De Volley-Ball (FIVB) was founded.
In 1948, the first two-man beach tournament was held.
In 1949, the initial World Championships were held in Prague, Czechoslovakia.
In 1964, the sport was introduced to the Olympic Games in Tokyo.
In 1965, the California Beach Volleyball Association (CBVA) was formed.
In 1974, the World Championships in Mexico were telecast in Japan.
In 1975, the US National Womenís team began a year-round training regime in Pasadena, Texas (moved to Colorado Springs in 1979, Coto de Caza and Fountain Valley, CA in 1980, and San Diego, CA in 1985).
In 1977, the US National Menís team began a year-round training regime in Dayton, Ohio (moved to San Diego, CA in 1981).
In 1983, the Association of Volleyball Professionals (AVP) was formed.
In 1984, the US won their first medals at the Olympics in Los Angeles. The Men won the Gold, and the Women the Silver.
In 1986, the Womenís Professional Volleyball Association (WPVA) was formed.
In 1988, the US Men repeated the Gold in the Olympics in Korea.